Anesthesiology, 2e Anesthesiology
Second Edition
David Longnecker, David L. Brown, Mark F. Newman, Warren Zapol
ISBN: 9780071785136 / 0071785132


Sample Images

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FIGURE 71.
Prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in the adult patient.

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FIGURE 272.
Low lithotomy position. [Redrawn from Martin JT. Positioning in Anesthesia and Surgery. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1997. With permission.]

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FIGURE 293.
A. Intraoperative case template displaying time out documentation.

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FIGURE 319.
Ejection fraction calculated using the disk summation method from 4-chamber end diastole (A), 2-chamber end diastole (B), 4-chamber end-systole (C), and 2-chamber end systole (D) tracings.

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FIGURE 3213.
Nasal cannula designed for CO2 sampling and oxygen administration (Smart CapnoLine, Oridion [Needham, MA]). The cannula samples CO2 from both the nares and the mouth while oxygen is delivered through pinholes directed toward both the nose and mouth.

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FIGURE 344.
Diagram of sites suitable for nerve stimulation. A. Ulnar nerve. B. Tibial, deep peroneal, and posterior tibial nerves. C. Facial nerve. [Reprinted and modified from Ali HH. Monitoring neuromuscular function. Semin Anesth. 1989;8:158, with permission from Elsevier.]

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FIGURE 347.
Methods used to quantify muscle responses to stimulation. (see Chapter 34, page 497 for full image description).

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FIGURE 479.
Fingers of the nondominant hand are used to identify the lateral borders of the interspace of interest. This will aid in developing a 3-dimensional mental image of the anatomical structures to facilitate neuraxial access.

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FIGURE 4915.
Ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block probe position and needle approach.

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FIGURE 623.
Innervation of the female reproductive organs.

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FIGURE 674.
Twelve-year-old girl prepared for tonsillectomy. The endotracheal tube is secured midline on the mandible, and the mouth gag is in position with the handle placed on the operating room tray. [Courtesy of Michael Cunningham, MD, and Bil Ragan, MD, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary).]

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FIGURE 6712.
Laryngomalacia as seen in a 1-day-old neonate presenting with stridor. [Courtesy of Christopher Hartnick, MD, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary.]

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FIGURE 772.
Goal-directed therapy. CVP, central venous pressure; Hct, hematocrit; MAP, mean arterial pressure; ScvO2, central venous oxygen saturation. [From Rivers E, Nguyen B, Havstad S, et al. Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2001;345:1368. Copyright 2001, Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.]

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FIGURE 781.
Confines of rotor-wing transport. [Courtesy of Boston MedFlight.]

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FIGURE 824.
A. Two-finger method of external chest compression in infants. B. Encircling method of external chest compression in infants.

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FIGURE 851.
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of the middle cerebral artery during carotid endarterectomy. Flow velocity decrement after internal carotid clamping was transient, with flow restored by a shunt. Unclamping initially was associated with a shower of debris, followed by a transient period of hyperemia.

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FIGURE 912.
Pain, initially caused by an underlying physical problem, is increasingly magnified by psychosocial stressors. [From Waddell G, Main CJ, Morris EW, et al. Chronic low-back pain, psychologic distress, and illness behavior. Spine. 1984;9:209-213. With permission.]

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FIGURE 925.
Axial view of lumbar transforaminal and selective nerve root injection. The anatomy and proper needle position (axial view) for right (1) L3-4 transforaminal injection and (2) L3 selective nerve root injection. [Adapted from Rathmell JP. Atlas of Image-Guided Intervention in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006:58 (Figure 6-7). With permission.]

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FIGURE 938.
Two radiographic views of kyphoplasty.

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FIGURE 951.
Natural history of exposure to drugs of abuse.

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